Microsoft Excel was released in 1985 and has grown to become arguably the most important computer program in workplaces around the world. Its either quite amazing or ridiculous that we are still using the same programme and after three decades begging the question has nothing changed?
We use Microsoft Excel ‘spreadsheet software application is used to store, organize, and analyze data. In business, any function in any industry can benefit from Microsoft Excel ‘MS Excel’, a powerful tool that has become entrenched in business processes worldwide—whether for analyzing stocks or issuers, budgeting, or organizing client sales lists and even fulfilling regulatory requirements such as shareholding disclosure!
The question is can this go on in that it is inherent that users are ignoring the risks with such dependence on an aged application.
MS Excel is a primary data wrangling tool for many businesses, even sophisticated financial services companies are utilizing spreadsheets too.
In one particular area of operations namely ‘Middle Office’ or where the Risk and Compliance processing happens and in the world of rising regulatory demands the Middle Office is becoming a very important part of operations to get right – you are either compliant or non-compliant, not nearly compliant.
The dependency by Middle Office on MS Excel is alarming due to the lack of alternative technology to fulfil regulatory disclosures especially when it comes to aggregating and calculating ‘figures’.
In the case of Shareholding Disclosures (SD) the positions require daily monitoring and adhering to specified regulatory thresholds and should these thresholds be breached it is the organization’s responsibility to provide those respective position details and submit this on a mandatory form to regulators globally – on-time and accurately. Its T+2 today however the market and regulators are moving to T+1 and dare we postulate T+0.
Failing to disclose, one is deemed non-compliant and the organization or individual (very exclusive to SD and unbeknown to many that the responsible officer can be found liable and face fines even face imprisonment should they be found non-compliant).
THE QUESTION WE POSE IS YOUR RELIANCE ON EXCEL SUBSTANTIATED AND A RISK? THE ANSWER IS YES AND THERE ARE REALLY TWO GLARINGLY POINTS WHY THIS IS SO EVEN BEFORE WE ADDRESS THE FUNCTIONAL LIMITATIONS OF EXCEL ITSELF.
Firstly, EXCEL IS INAUDITABLE in that it is difficult to track use and activity. Isnt risk and compliance process meant to be auditable to prove there is processes in place to show there is a process? Clearly the argument breaks down straight away. The dependency is because of the lack of alternatives and the resistance from employees and their comfort for this tool that they are reluctant to give this up. Thus it remains embedded in Risk and Compliance processes. We know it’s a tool relied upon for the many banking workflows (front office less so, whereas for the middle/back office dependency is high). The audit argument is clearly a big issue.
Secondly, BUSINESS CONTINUTY RISK is high. With the movement of people within the bank and outside the bank the risk from a business continuity point is high. Process and workflow based on MS Excel is not standardised and thus people changes pose a huge risk.
And THIRDLY, SPREADSHEET LIMITATIONS such that the dependence on spreadsheets has ‘blindspots’ and it is here where it could be going wrong. Although the Excel software is feature-rich and can cater to most business requirements, it is plagued with limitations. We explore some of these limitations and explain how they would impact regulatory disclosures, more specifically shareholding disclosure and flag to the reader possible risks that could they have been blindsided by.
EXCEL IS NOT ABLE TO MANAGE LARGE DATASETS.
With the exponential growth of data in the last decade, Excel was not designed to handle such volume. For shareholding disclosure, position and transaction data are extensive as they contain many rows and columns of data. They often require complex calculations to aggregate positions. Excel, in particular, is not good at handling large file sizes and will be slow or unable to calculate complex calculations over a large dataset. It would not be scalable to rely on excel to both manage and calculate position data. For Shareholding Disclosure we are dealing with lots of data, plenty of complexity and thus MS Excel is not scalable and remains a manual process with the next section highlighting a risk.
PRONE TO MISTAKES
In the complex world of shareholding disclosure, every ‘penny’ aka decimal point counts. A slight miscalculation could mean severe penalties like fines or jail terms as demands are for accuracy. In Excel, it is easy to commit a mistake, and there is no way to validate any of the calculations other than manually checking the formula/fields. It hinders productivity as it becomes extremely time-consuming to validate each field for accuracy.
For Shareholding Disclosure that ‘one share’ could trigger a breach
Many institutional users have tried to automate the shareholding process using macros. However for shareholding disclosure the process is notably complex – data processed is for position and transactions but lets focus just on positions first, next is the types of instruments to account for, next is ownership at entity and fund level depending on regulator. Calculating the final position is no menial task, next comes the difficult task matching the data with the regulations. What one see here is a looping process as the logic requires this to be looked at un different ways.
Truth be told macros can’t be created for actions that need to be looped. The bottomline is you can’t use Excel recorder to create/record macros for tasks that need to be looped; i.e. tasks that need to be repeated a great number of times but there lies the issue – the logic to complete SD is multiple ‘checks’ or loops before you know exactly what you need to disclose.
The Artius Global Shareholding Disclosure solution solves this issue by taking the calculations to the system and ensuring that the fields used for calculation represent the rule required for disclosure. It automates the calculation complexity and removes the possibility of human error.
Limited Data Visualization
In Excel, data visualization is limited to static graphs and does not automatically reflect the changes when new data comes into play. The process for SD is a daily monitoring and checking process and In AGSD, we show you how to automate and show the position trends whenever new data gets uploaded into the system.
SHAREHOLDING DISCLOSURE WORKFLOW
In MS Excel, we will be able to calculate and see if there is a threshold breach. However, it is a process that could introduce mistakes. Calculating disclosure requirements for different markets with different formulas will be extremely time-consuming and tricky. Using AGSD, all you would have to do would be to upload the position data and let the system do all the work. You will receive notifications of any threshold breaches. Its that simple – all the logic aka macros have been built for you.
Downloading data to a spreadsheet will result in data leakage as the data is not under control enacted by the company. This is especially important as financial institutes have strict data policies, and any data leakage or misuse could be detrimental to you or the company. In AGSD, data flows from upstream systems pre-approved by the security and compliance department through secured channels. We also have a detailed logging system of any changes done in AGSD.
Support of Excel vs AGSD Support
Although MS Excel is easy to pick up you are on your own, complex function could be a pain to program. There is no dedicated support from Excel to help you with your specific functions. With Artius Global we support our clients through our comprehensive support program.